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The sect destined for Jannah from the 73

October 2, 2012

By Qari Muhammad Tayyib Qasmi

Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) had distinguished the sect of haqq from the other 72 sects in the hadith; “Ma Ana Alayhi Wa Ashabi” or; “That (way) upon which I and my companions are” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi) by combining the words Ma and Ana into the sentence. By his (Allah bless him and grant him peace) using the word Ma is an indication towards al-Sunnah – that is, the way of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) or the laws of the din. This is the basis upon which the sect of haqq is founded. The words Ana Wa Ashabi denotes towards Al-Jama’ah. The Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah has formulated its basis and roots from the words of this hadith. In fact, Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud, when discussing this subject, states this hadith of “Ana Wa Ashabi” under the caption of Al-Jama’ah. In the hadith it is mentioned “this is the Jama’ah” when referring to the one sect which will be in Jannah and the successful one as opposed to the other 72 sects destined for the Fire. For this reason, the one portion in the title of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah is actually found in the text of the hadith. Since the word Ma in the hadith refers to a way and path and the way referred to is that of Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) and the Sahabah (Allah be pleased with them) and this way is called the Sunnah, so the second part in the title of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah is also, so to say, found in the text of the hadith. This is one very strong proof that the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah are on the path of haqq, because Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) had himself formulated the title of this sect. We learn from this, that the sect which is on haqq is that one which comprises of these two roots and parts. When one contemplates carefully over this, then it will be realised that the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah are an embodiment of the words Ma and Ana which are found in the hadith. If for example, this sect was called Ahl al-Qur’an, Ahl al-Hadith, Ahl al-Fiqh, Ahl al-Tasawwuf, Ahl al-Kalam or Ahl al-‘Usul, then it would not encompass the word Ma, hence it would be an incomplete and incorrect title. Alternatively, if it was called Ahl al-Jama’ah, Muttabi’in al-Sahabah, Ashab al-Muhaddithin wa ‘l-Mujtahiddin, Ittiba` al-Fuqaha or Muhibbin Ahl al-Bayt, etc. then undoubtedly, whilst it would comprise the word Ana which appears in the hadith, but it would be void of the import of the word Ma. Also, in this case, it would be construed as being a sect which comprises personality-worship and veneration, which is devoid of any sound laws or principles. Such a title would also be incomplete and incorrect. The title Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah comprises both the integral parts implied in the hadith and it manifests the words of Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace).

Since this ideology, path and way are in the actual words of the speech of the Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace), and it is also the import of his intention, then it can safely be averred that this path and way and the tile adopted by the adherents thereof is the desire of nubuwwah and in it lies the pleasure of Allah. All praise to Allah, this is the path chosen by the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah and it has been made their way of life. Hence, the summary of the way and path of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama’ah is in accordance to the desire of the hadith of Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace). The summary thereof would be “Following the Sunnah via personalities”.  And now to dissect this ideology:

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